Guidelines for Ethical Behavior in Publishing
The Journal of Information Systems Education (JISE) is a double-blind, peer-reviewed journal. All parties involved in publishing an article in this journal (editors, peer reviewers, authors, and publisher) must follow appropriate guidelines for ethical behavior. In general, editors and reviewers must maintain objectivity and confidentiality and manage potential conflicts of interest; authors must be honest and disclose their sources and funders.
Specifically, to assure high-quality publications, public trust in scientific findings, and to appropriately confer credit for ideas and results, JISE supports and has adopted the "Guidelines for Ethical Behavior in Publishing" from Information Systems Research, published by INFORMS (The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences), with adjustments and modifications based on JISE's operations as well as guidelines from other organizations and societies (see list to the right for some of these organizations). The ethical standards for publication in JISE include, but are not limited to, the following:
General Duties and Responsibilities of Editors
- Appointment: Editors-in-Chief are appointed by the EDSIG Board of Directors. Any concerns regarding conduct of the Editor-in-Chief should be directed to the EDSIG President. Associate Editors serve at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief, and any concerns regarding their conduct should be directed to the Editor-in-Chief.
- Editorial Process and Content: The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for editorial content and managing the content-related processes.
- Publication Decisions: Based on the double-blind peer review of a manuscript, the Editor-in-Chief is responsible for determining which manuscripts are best suited for publication. The recommendations of the Associate Editor and reviewers are informative but non-binding.
- Journal Policies and Procedures: The Editor-in-Chief will continually assess the effects of journal policies on author and reviewer behavior, revising policies as required to encourage responsible behavior and discourage misconduct relative to libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism.
- Editorial Integrity: Decisions to accept or reject a manuscript for publication are based on importance, originality, clarity, and the study’s validity and relevance to JISE’s editorial statement. JISE will never consider an author’s race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy in making editorial decisions on papers.
- Double-Blind Peer Review: Identifying information will be stripped from submitted manuscripts so that reviewers cannot access any information about authors, and vice versa. Reviewer comments to the editors are strictly confidential, and reviewer comments to authors will be made anonymously. The names of the reviewers will be known only to the Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editors, and editorial staff, and they will remain strictly confidential to authors and other reviewers. The names of the authors will be known only to the Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editors, and editorial staff and will remain strictly confidential to reviewers. Authors are required to ensure that no identifying information is present in the submitted manuscript.
- Confidentiality: The Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editors, and any member of the editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher.
- Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: To ensure accountability and transparency, the Editor-in-Chief will establish systems for managing conflicts of interest for him- or herself, staff, authors, reviewers, and editorial board members.
- Fundamental Errors in Published Works: It is the Editor-in-Chief's responsibility to promptly investigate accusations of errors in published work and to ensure that corrections and retractions are published in an accurate and timely manner.
General Duties and Responsibilities of Reviewers
- Punctuality: Any reviewer who feels unqualified to review an assigned manuscript or unable to provide a prompt review should notify the Editor-in-Chief immediately to be excused from the review process.
- Confidentiality: Private information or ideas obtained through double-blind peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Information contained in a submitted manuscript must not be shown to or discussed with others without written permission of the Editor-in-Chief.
- Standards of Objectivity: Reviews shall contain no personal criticism of authors. Reviewers should clearly express their views with supporting arguments, and reviews should be conducted objectively and constructively.
- Acknowledgment of Sources: Authors should cite relevant sources. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. If a reviewer finds any substantial similarity or overlap between the submitted manuscript and any other published works, the Editor-in-Chief must be notified promptly. The Editor-in-Chief will promptly investigate any such claims and communicate appropriately with the author(s) and reviewers.
- Conflict of Interest: If a reviewer discovers a conflict of interest with an assigned manuscript, for instance, resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions, the Editor-in-Chief must be notified promptly, and the reviewer must request to be excused from the review process.
General Responsibilities of Authors
- Reporting Standards: Authors of original manuscripts should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately, and all data in the article should be real and authentic. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior.
- Peer Review: Peer review is the foundation of the journal publication process. By submitting a manuscript, an author agrees to be an active and responsive participant by responding timely and appropriately to reviewer comments.
- Data Access and Retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a manuscript for editorial review; they should be prepared to provide access to such data, and they should retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
- Originality and Plagiarism: It is essential that editors and reviewers be told by the authors when any portion of a manuscript is based heavily on previous work, even if this work has been written by one or more of the authors. It is the responsibility of the author not only to cite the previous work, including his or her own, but to provide an indication of the extent to which a manuscript depends on this work.
- Acknowledgment of Sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
- Manipulation of Citations: Including citations in a submitted manuscript with the primary purpose of increasing the number of citations to a given author’s work or to articles published in a particular journal constitutes unethical behavior.
- Falsification and Fabrication: Falsifying or fabricating numerical or experimental data or results in a submitted manuscript constitutes unethical behavior.
- Authorship: Authorship must be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
- Corresponding Author: The corresponding author is the author responsible for communicating with the journal for publication. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the manuscript and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to its submission for publication.
- Acknowledgment of Funding Sources: Funding sources for the research reported in the manuscript should be duly acknowledged. It is the responsibility of the authors to follow any publishing mandates outlined by their funding organizations.
- Disclosure of Conflicts of Interest: All sources of financial support for the project or any substantive conflict of interest that might be interpreted to influence the results must be disclosed.
- Fundamental Errors in Published Works: It is the author's responsibility to promptly notify the Editor-in-Chief if a significant error or inaccuracy is discovered in a published work so that the journal can retract or correct the paper as quickly as possible.
- Redundant, Concurrent, or Multiple Publications: An author should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. If authors have used their own previously published work, or work that is currently under review, as the basis for a submitted manuscript, they are required to cite the previous work and indicate how their submitted manuscript offers novel contributions beyond those of the previous work. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical behavior. Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles. Manuscripts that are found to have been published elsewhere, to be under review elsewhere, or to have been published or submitted with undisclosed redundant data will be investigated for plagiarism.
In the event of documented violations of any of these ethical guidelines, the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Information Systems Education may (at a minimum):
- Immediately reject the infringing manuscript.
- Prohibit all the authors from submitting new manuscripts to JISE, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript, as well as in combination with any other authors.
- Prohibit all authors from serving on the editorial board of the Journal of Information Systems Education.
Questions should be addressed to the Editor at